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Health Alert: JAPANESE ENCEPHALITIS – SOUTH KOREA: (BUSAN) ALERT

Posted: July 9th, 2013 | Author: | Filed under: Passport Health Sarasota-Bradenton Announcements, Travel Health Alerts | Tags: , , | Comments Off on Health Alert: JAPANESE ENCEPHALITIS – SOUTH KOREA: (BUSAN) ALERT

JAPANESE ENCEPHALITIS – SOUTH KOREA: (BUSAN) ALERT

ProMED-mail: Published Date: 2013-07-08 

Japanese Encephalitis Alert in South Korea

Japanese Encephalitis Alert in South Korea

Over half, or 64 per cent, of the mosquitoes recently tested in the southern port city of Busan (Pusan) were found to be carrying the Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV), prompting the Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (KCDC) to issue a nationwide alert late last week (week of 1 Jul 2013).

Officials say climate change is helping the virus-infected mosquitoes breed (probably referring to increased temperatures speeding larval development) 

Symptoms of the disease include headaches, fever, and convulsions, and in extreme cases, coma (and death). Children are at higher risk, so officials advise parents to make sure young kids are vaccinated.

As the mosquitoes are most active until the end of October, the KCDC advises people to use mosquito nets indoors and limit the amount of time they spend outside. 

When outdoors, the use of long-sleeved clothing and mosquito repellent is recommended.

Communicated by:
ProMED-mail from HealthMap Alerts

Source: http://www.promedmail.org/ 


World Malaria Day, Malaria Risk For Travellers

Posted: April 25th, 2012 | Author: | Filed under: Travel Health Alerts | Tags: | Comments Off on World Malaria Day, Malaria Risk For Travellers

April 25, 2012 marks this year’s World Malaria Day. Passport Health Sarasota reminds travellers that there is risk of malaria transmission in many tropical countries around the world.

Malaria is a serious and occasionally fatal disease. It is caused by a parasite which is spread to humans by infected mosquitoes. There is no vaccine available against malaria.

All travellers are at risk if going to a destination where malaria occurs.

Travellers can reduce their risk by following four principles of malaria prevention, called the “ABCD” of malaria:

  1. be Aware of malaria risks and symptoms
  2. know how to prevent mosquito Bites
  3. take anti-malarial drugs or “Chemoprophylaxis”, if appropriate
  4. seek medical help early for Diagnosis, if malaria-like symptoms develop

Where is Malaria a Concern?

  • Globally, there are over 100 countries or areas at risk of malaria transmission.
  • Malaria risk can change based on season (rainy/dry), location (rural/urban), and altitude.
  • If travelling to any of these areas, you may be at risk:
    • Most of sub-Saharan Africa and limited areas in Northern Africa (most malaria cases and deaths occur in sub-Saharan Africa).
    • Large areas of South Asia, Southeast Asia, and some parts of East Asia.
    • Areas in South and Central America as well as the Caribbean, including parts of Mexico, the Dominican Republic and Haiti.
    • Limited areas in the Middle East, as well as limited parts of Europe.
    • Papua New Guinea and in parts of other small islands in the Oceania region.

PHAC / regions of risk for malaria among popular Canadian tourist destinations

Recommendations

Consult a doctor, nurse or health care provider, or visit a travel health clinic preferably six weeks before you travel.

It is recommended that travellers:

  1. Protect themselves from mosquito bites
  2. Discuss the benefits of taking antimalarial medication with a health care provider before departure
  3. Know the symptoms of malaria and see a health care provider if they develop.

Source: PHAC / World Malaria Day – Malaria Risk For Travellers