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CDC Releases Cholera Alert for the Dominican Republic

Posted: December 5th, 2012 | Author: | Filed under: Travel Health Alerts | Tags: , , | Comments Off on CDC Releases Cholera Alert for the Dominican Republic

CDC / Cholera in the Dominican Republic, update

Center for Disease Control and Prevention: Outbreak notice: November 28, 2012 

What is the Current Situation? 

An outbreak of cholera has been ongoing in the Dominican Republic since November 2010. According to the Dominican Ministry of Health (Ministerio de Salud Publica y Asistencia Social [MSP]), as of November 3, 2012, 6,622 suspected cholera cases and 47 suspected cholera-related deaths have been reported for 2012.

What is Cholera? 

Cholera is a bacterial disease that can cause diarrhea and dehydration. Cholera is most often spread through the ingestion of contaminated food or drinking water. Water may be contaminated by the feces of an infected person or by untreated sewage. Food is often contaminated by water containing cholera bacteria or by being handled by a person ill with cholera. 

How can Travelers Protect themselves?

Most travelers are not at high risk for getting cholera, but people who are traveling to the Dominican Republic should exercise caution to avoid getting sick.

CDC recommends that all travelers prepare a travel health kit when going abroad. If you are planning travel to the Dominican Republic, CDC advises packing the following supplies in your travel health kit to help prevent cholera and to treat it.

  • A prescription antibiotic to take in case of diarrhea
  • Water purification tablets
  • Oral rehydration salts

Dukoral vaccine is not available in USA but is available in Canada.

  • Drink and use safe water*
  • Wash your hands often with soap and safe water*
  • Use toilets; do not defecate in any body of water
  • Cook food well (especially seafood), keep it covered, eat it hot, and peel fruits and vegetables ( Boil it, cook it, peel it, or leave it.)
  • Clean up safely in the kitchen and in places where the family bathes and washes clothes

Before departing for the Dominican Republic, talk to your doctor about getting a prescription for an antibiotic. If you get sick with diarrhea while you are in the Dominican Republic, you can take the antibiotic, as prescribed. Also, remember to drink fluids and use oral rehydration salts (ORS) to prevent dehydration.

If you have severe watery diarrhea, seek medical care right away. 

Source: CDC / Cholera in Dominican Republic, update


Pan American Health Organization / World Health Organization: Epidemiology alert, May 4th, 2012

Posted: May 22nd, 2012 | Author: | Filed under: Travel Health Alerts | Tags: , , , , , , , | Comments Off on Pan American Health Organization / World Health Organization: Epidemiology alert, May 4th, 2012

PAHO / WHO / Cholera, May 2012

Considering the start of the rainy season in Central America and the Caribbean, which increases the risk of transmission for various diseases, including cholera, the Pan American Health Organization/World Health Organization (PAHO/WHO) encourages Member States the continuation of surveillance efforts to detect the occurrence of outbreaks and implementing intervention actions to reduce cholera spread determinants.

Haiti:

With respect to the current cholera situation in the island of Hispaniola, the total number of cases in Haiti, from the beginning of the epidemic was 534,647 of which 287,656 (53%) were hospitalized and 7,091 died.

During the last three weeks, an increase of cases has been detected primarily in the departments of Nord Ouest, Sud, Sud-Est and in the capital city Port-au-Prince, Ouest department. This rise is associated with the onset of the rainy season, which began earlier than expected.

Dominican Republic

In the Dominican Republic, the total of suspected cases reported since the beginning of the epidemic of which 17,977 (77%) were hospitalized and 399 died.

In the past two weeks, there has been an increase in cases due to an outbreak in the town of Tamboril, province of Santiago. This outbreak is associated with heavy rains that caused flooding and damage to the main aqueducts system.

Dominican Republic authorities are implementing intervention measures to control this situation.

Source: PAHO / Cholera, May 4 th , 2012