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Pan American Health Organization / World Health Organization: Epidemiology alert, May 4th, 2012

Posted: May 22nd, 2012 | Author: | Filed under: Travel Health Alerts | Tags: , , , , , , , | Comments Off on Pan American Health Organization / World Health Organization: Epidemiology alert, May 4th, 2012

PAHO / WHO / Cholera, May 2012

Considering the start of the rainy season in Central America and the Caribbean, which increases the risk of transmission for various diseases, including cholera, the Pan American Health Organization/World Health Organization (PAHO/WHO) encourages Member States the continuation of surveillance efforts to detect the occurrence of outbreaks and implementing intervention actions to reduce cholera spread determinants.

Haiti:

With respect to the current cholera situation in the island of Hispaniola, the total number of cases in Haiti, from the beginning of the epidemic was 534,647 of which 287,656 (53%) were hospitalized and 7,091 died.

During the last three weeks, an increase of cases has been detected primarily in the departments of Nord Ouest, Sud, Sud-Est and in the capital city Port-au-Prince, Ouest department. This rise is associated with the onset of the rainy season, which began earlier than expected.

Dominican Republic

In the Dominican Republic, the total of suspected cases reported since the beginning of the epidemic of which 17,977 (77%) were hospitalized and 399 died.

In the past two weeks, there has been an increase in cases due to an outbreak in the town of Tamboril, province of Santiago. This outbreak is associated with heavy rains that caused flooding and damage to the main aqueducts system.

Dominican Republic authorities are implementing intervention measures to control this situation.

Source: PAHO / Cholera, May 4 th , 2012


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