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World Malaria Day, Malaria Risk For Travellers

Posted: April 25th, 2012 | Author: | Filed under: Travel Health Alerts | Tags: | Comments Off on World Malaria Day, Malaria Risk For Travellers

April 25, 2012 marks this year’s World Malaria Day. Passport Health Sarasota reminds travellers that there is risk of malaria transmission in many tropical countries around the world.

Malaria is a serious and occasionally fatal disease. It is caused by a parasite which is spread to humans by infected mosquitoes. There is no vaccine available against malaria.

All travellers are at risk if going to a destination where malaria occurs.

Travellers can reduce their risk by following four principles of malaria prevention, called the “ABCD” of malaria:

  1. be Aware of malaria risks and symptoms
  2. know how to prevent mosquito Bites
  3. take anti-malarial drugs or “Chemoprophylaxis”, if appropriate
  4. seek medical help early for Diagnosis, if malaria-like symptoms develop

Where is Malaria a Concern?

  • Globally, there are over 100 countries or areas at risk of malaria transmission.
  • Malaria risk can change based on season (rainy/dry), location (rural/urban), and altitude.
  • If travelling to any of these areas, you may be at risk:
    • Most of sub-Saharan Africa and limited areas in Northern Africa (most malaria cases and deaths occur in sub-Saharan Africa).
    • Large areas of South Asia, Southeast Asia, and some parts of East Asia.
    • Areas in South and Central America as well as the Caribbean, including parts of Mexico, the Dominican Republic and Haiti.
    • Limited areas in the Middle East, as well as limited parts of Europe.
    • Papua New Guinea and in parts of other small islands in the Oceania region.

PHAC / regions of risk for malaria among popular Canadian tourist destinations

Recommendations

Consult a doctor, nurse or health care provider, or visit a travel health clinic preferably six weeks before you travel.

It is recommended that travellers:

  1. Protect themselves from mosquito bites
  2. Discuss the benefits of taking antimalarial medication with a health care provider before departure
  3. Know the symptoms of malaria and see a health care provider if they develop.

Source: PHAC / World Malaria Day – Malaria Risk For Travellers 


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